Tsunami Hazard

Researchers in this group are focusing on providing information for tsunami mitigation by means of numerical simulations, physical modeling, and field survey. We use the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami as the reference for the studies. Previously, we developed scenarios for coastal land use planning for tsunami mitigation using the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami event and applied it at several coastal areas. We also estimated tsunami arrival times for tsunami prone cities in Indonesia, where the information could be useful to manage the city-wide evacuation mechanism. This research cluster also attempt to investigate the role of coastal forest, such as mangroves and casuarina, for mitigating impacts of tsunami waves.

There were three events where we developed a number of research activities, namely the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2010 Mentawai tsunami, and the latest one is the Palu-Donggala Earthquake and tsunami. In recent years, we have also started to use a number of numerical models to reconstruct tsunami waves. Among the models are Cornell Multi-Grid Tsunami Model (COMCOT), Delft3D, DualSPHysic, and OpenFOAM. We also analyse coastal recovery process after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. We use GIS for the analysis and work with other research clusters to understand societal aspects of the recovery, such as community’s livelihood and ecological recovery.

The diver jumped into the water to set the equipments under water.
Regular monitoring on coastal recovery process after the 2004 tsunami is one of the most frequent activities of this research cluster.
The equipments after the setting process.
This research group used a number of equipment to monitor coastal process. One of them is Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP). The equipments after the setting process.

 

The Yellow Bridge, one of important land marks in Palu, was damaged by the earthquake and tsunami on September 28, 2018.
The researchers from this cluster were sent to Palu and Donggala cities following earthquake and tsunami on September 28, 2018. The Yellow Bridge, one of important land marks in Palu, was damaged by the earthquake and tsunami.

 

Banda Aceh coast, is one of major study area of this research cluster.
Banda Aceh coast, is one of major study area of this research cluster.
Recent Research
  1. Incorporating climate change induced sea level rise information into coastal cities’ preparedness toward coastal hazards (2016-2019): sponsored by PEER Cycle 5 USAID.
  2. Mitigating Impacts of Tsunami Waves on Coastal Structures and Harbor Facilities (2017-2019): sponsored by KLN-KEMRISTEK DIKTI.
  3. Tsunami waves impacts on coastal morphological changes based on sediment transport numerical simulations (2014-2016): Sponsored by PEER Cycle 3 USAID
  4. Strengthening Resilience of Coastal and Small Island’s Communities toward Hydro-Meteorological Hazards and Impacts of Climate Change (StResCOM Phases II and III), sponsored by UNESCO and Japan Fund in Trust (2012-2014).
  5. The role of dug-pool behind the breakwater construction to reduce impacts of tsunami waves (2016-2017);
  6. Challenges of Increasing Small Islands Communities around the Sumatra toward Potential Tsunamis (2015-2017), sponsored by MENRISTEK DIKTI: PUI-PT;
  7. Increasing Scientific Publication and Strengthening Capacity in Tsunami Mitigation Research (World Class Professor Program Scheme B, KEMENRISTEKDIKTI 2018).
Researcher
  • Dr. Eng. Syamsidik, ST., M.Sc (Coordinator)
  • Dr. Benazir, ST., MT
  • Tursina, ST, MT
  • Teuku M. Rasyif, ST., MT
  • Musa Al’ala, ST., MT
Research Assistants
  • Mirza Fahmi, ST., MT
  • Teuku Mudi Hafli, ST., MT
  • Afri Fitrayansyah, ST., MT
  • Mumtaz Luthfi, ST
  • Arisna Fauzia, ST.
Publications

Syamsidik, Fahmi, M., Fitrayansyah, A., and Fatimah, E., 2017. Coastal land use changes around the Ulee Lheue Bay of Aceh during the 10-year 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami recovery process. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.07.014

Syamsidik, Oktari, RS., Munadi, K., Arief, S., and Fajri, IZ., 2017. Changes in coastal land use and the reasons for selecting places to live in Banda Aceh 10 years after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Natural Hazards, 88(3), 1503-1521.

Musa Al ‘ala, Syamsidik, Teuku Muhammad Rasyif, and MirzaFahmi, 2015, Numerical Simulation of UjongSeudun Land Separation Caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, Aceh-Indonesia, Journal of Science of Tsunami Hazards, 34 (3), 159-172, 8755-6839.

Syamsidik, Teuku Muhammad Rasyif, dan Shigeru Kato, 2015, Development of accurate tsunami estimated times of arrival for tsunami-prone cities in Aceh, Indonesia, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.09.006, 2212-4209.

Oktari, RS., Shiwaku, K., Munadi, K., Syamsidik, dan Shaw, R., 2015, A conceptual model of a school–community collaborative network in enhancing coastal community resilience in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 12, 300-310, 2212-4209.

Hiwasaki, L., Luna, E., Syamsidik, Shaw, R., 2014, Process for integrating local and indigenous knowledge with science for hydro-climatological disaster risk reduction and climate change adaption in coastal and small island communities, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 10, 25-27, 2212-4209.

Hiwasaki, L., Luna, E., Syamsidik, Marcal, J.A, 2014, Local and indigenous knowledge on climate-related hazards of coastal and small island communities in Southeast Asia, Climatic Change, 128, 35-56, 1573-1480.

Lisa Hiwasaki, Emmanuel Luna, Syamsidik  and Rajib Shaw, 2014, Process for Integrating Local and Indigenuos Knowledge with Sciensce for Hydro-meteorological Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal and Small Island Communities, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 10, 10, 15-27, 2212-4209.

Syamsidik, and Istiyanto, DC, 2013, Tsunami Mitigation Measures for Tsunami Prone Small Islands: Lessons Learned from the 2010 Tsunami around the Mentawai Islands of Indonesia, Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, 7(1), DOI: 10.1142/S1793431113030012, 1793-4311.

Zhenhua Huang, Tso-Ren Wu, and Syamsidik, 2013, Recent Research On Tsunami Hazards For Sumatra And The South China Sea Area, Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, 7(1), DOI: 10.1142/S1793431113030012, 1793-4311.

Musa Al’ala, Syamsidik, TeukuMudiHafli, and MirzaFahmi, 2016, Morphological changes and Tsunami deposits Studies around Northern Part of Sumatra Island, Indonesia, International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Rhodes, Greece, June 26-July 1, 2016, Rhodes, Greece, International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers, 0, 1098-6189.

Syamsidik, MirzaFahmi, Musa Al’ala, and Tursina, 2016, Tsunami Wave Impacts on Coastal Morphological Changes and One-Decade Process of Coastal Line Recovery after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami around Banda Aceh, Indonesia, Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth (2016) International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, the 26th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Rhodes, Greece, June 26-July 1, 2016, Rhodes, Greece, International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE), 0, ISSN 1098-6189.

FachurrazidanSyamsidik, 2015, AplikasiSimulasiNumerikuntukEstimasiPerubahanMorfologiakibat Tata LetakPemecahGelombang, Prosiding Seminar NasionalStrategiPengembanganInfrastruktur ke-2, Seminar NasionalPengembanganInfrastruktur ke-2, Padang, , Padang, ITP Press, 278-286, 978-602-70570-2-9.

Syamsidik, RinaSuryaniOktari, WidyaSoviyana, KhairulMunadi, Abdullah, 2015, KajianPemulihanMorfologidanPemukimanKawasanPantai di Banda Aceh Pasca 10 Tahun Tsunami Aceh, Prosiding Seminar NasionalStrategiPengembanganInfrastruktur ke-2, Seminar NasionalStrategiPengembanganInfrastruktur ke-2, Padang, 29-30 Juli 2015, Padang, ITP Press, 116-125, 978-602-70570-2-9.

Al’ala, M., Syamsidik, Fahmi, M., and Hafli, T.M., 2015, Spatial Track Records of the Recovery Process in Coastal Area after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami around Lhoong of Aceh Besar., ProsidingSimposiumNasionalMitigasiBencana Tsunami 2015, SimposiumNasionalMitigasiBencana Tsunami 2015, Banda Aceh, 21-22 Desember 2015, Banda Aceh, TDMRC Unsyiah, 0, 2477-6440.

Tursina, Meutia, A., Syamsidik, and Meilianda, E., 2015, A numerical simulation of the coastal morphological change impacts of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami in PeukanBada, Aceh Besar, ProsidingSimposiumNasionalMitigasiBencana Tsunami 2015, SimposiumNasionalMitigasiBencana Tsunami 2015, Banda Aceh, 21-22 Desember 2015, Banda Aceh, TDMRC Unsyiah, 0, 2477-6440.

SyamsidikdanSuhadaArief, 2015, Impacts of tsunami spatial planning in Aceh, before and after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami., ProsidingSimposiumNasionalMitigasiBencana Tsunami 2015, SimposiumNasionalMitigasiBencana Tsunami 2015, Banda Aceh, 21-22 Desember 2015, Banda Aceh, TDMRC Unsyiah, 0, 2477-6440.

SyamsidikdanArizal, 2012, Applications of Numerical Simulation on Coastal Morphology Dynamic Studies, Proceeding of 3rd International Symposium on Computational Sciences, International Symposium on Computational Sciences, Yogyakarta, May 15-16, 2012, UGM, UGM, 285-295, 2252-7761.