Recomendations from The 11th AIWEST-DR 2018

Several distinguished disaster scientists, as well as representatives from Tsunami and Disaster Mitigation Research Center (TDMRC), Syiah Kuala University and International Research Institutes of Disaster Science (IRIDeS), Tohoku University gathered to discuss issues regarding the latest devastating events in Lombok and Palu. The Aceh and Nias earthquake and tsunami disasters 14 years ago should have provided lessons for governments and communities to prepare themselves for disasters. However, the Lombok and Palu disasters have shown that preparedness of governmental institutions and communities is still a challenge, and vulnerability remains high. Therefore we recommend the following:

  1. Unity and equity in the face of disaster is paramount: Regardless of political background, race, religion and even nationality, everyone should be united in supporting response,
  2. Community awareness and education are the first line of defense against disasters: In the case of a local tsunami as occurred in Palu, “the shaking is the warning”, and if people did not self-evacuate immediately after the shaking stopped, we need to ask why,
  3. We need to learn from disasters: future development of physical and social infrastructure should consider the hazards and risks based on local knowledge, science, and innovation,
  4. Long term, people-centred strategies should drive a holistic recovery that includes economic, culture and life recovery,
  5. Disaster resilience requires mainstreaming disaster risk reduction and building institutional capacity that includes technological tools and systems across all levels of government and community.

Signed by:

Dr. Muksin Umar (Chairman of the 11th AIWEST-DR 2018, TDMRC, Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia)

Prof. Phil Cummins (Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Australia)

Prof. Peter Sammonds (Institute for Risk & Disaster Reduction, University College London, UK)

Prof. Yasuo Tanaka (Kobe University, Japan)

Dr. Khairul Munadi (Director of TDMRC of Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia)

Dr. Syamsidik (TDMRC, Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia)

Dr. Ella Meilianda (TDMRC, Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia)

Dr. Teuku Alvisyahrin (TDMRC, Syiah Kuala University)

Ahmad Arif (Kompas newspaper, Indonesia)

Dr. Sebastien Boret (IRIDeS, Tohoku University, Japan)

Dr. Elizabeth Maly (IRIDeS, Tohoku University, Japan)

Prof. Biswajeet Pradhan (University of Technology Sydney, Australia)

Dr. Stephen Sutton (Charles Darwin University, Australia)

Prof. Sarwidi (BNPB RI/ UII Jogjakarta, Indonesia)

Dr. Emmanuel M. Luna (University of the Phillipines)

Associate Prof. Md. Shamsuzzoha (Patuakhali Science & Technology University, Bangladesh)

Eko Pradjoko, PhD (University of Mataram, Indonesia)

Dr. Aaron Opdyke (University of Sydney, Australia)

Dr. Sachi Suzuki (Unesco Jakarta Office)

Dr. Alfi Rahman (TDMRC, Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia)

Dr. Saumi Syahreza (TDMRC, Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia)

Dr. Nurmalahayati Nurdin (Institute for Risk & Disaster Reduction, University College London, UK)

Associate Prof. Akihiro Shibayama (IRIDES, Tohoku University)

Dr. Emily Lane (National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Ltd, Christchurch, New Zealand)