Research: Identification of Characteristics and Needs of Poor Households Based on Regional Topology in Aceh Province

This research study was formulated to develop a strategy to eradicate poverty in Aceh province. The objectives of the research were: (1) to identify the characteristics of poor households based on regional topology; (2) to identify the needs of poor households based on regional topology; (3) to identify factors that cause poverty based on regional topology and (4) to formulate a strategy for area-based poverty alleviation in Aceh. The research was conducted by survey. The determination of sample location or village was conducted through pusposive sampling. The sample pool was composed of 600 people, selected proportionally from four villages with different topologies: coastal village, city, upland, and flat land.

The research showed that the general characteristics of poor families were (1) having low education, (2) still consuming 3 meals a day, (3) communicating most frequently with friends, (4) most frequently asking family for economic assistance, (5) having a low level of mobility, (6) inheriting poverty from family. The need for public facilities is not fulfilled in, from area of most to least need, the coastal village, upland village, city, or flatland village. The need for initial capital is not fulfilled, from most need to least, in the upland village, city, coastal village or flatland. Several factors of poverty in order of influence are (1) less effort/less creativity, (2) poor family origins, (3) low education/skill, (4) limitations of capital/land, (5) others (disability, sickness, and old age).

Research of Characteristic Identification

The Team Leader, Dr. Agus Sabti, and one of his team members are interviewing an inhabitant

Capital is not the only cause of community poverty, but skills, desire, belief, and responsibility are also factors that influence the success of efforts to eradicate poverty. It is suggested that future efforts for poverty eradication should be conducted in accordance with the characteristics and needs of poor households based on regional topology.

Poverty eradication strategies should no longer simply rely on the provision of capital; a program must be formulated that enables poor people to become creative in their work by providing more options for exchange of job skills. This means that the first stage of the input-process-output program must be assisted and accompanied by the program implementer.