As a response to the Indian Ocean tsunami that devastated Aceh and Nias of Indonesia on December 26, 2004, Syiah Kuala University launched the “Syiah Kuala University for Aceh Reconstruction” initiative through Rector’s Decree No.1, 2005. This initiative was aimed at facilitating the Government of Indonesia and local community in designing a blueprint for post – earthquake and tsunami rehabilitation and reconstruction in Aceh. This was followed by the establishment of the Tsunami Research Center (TRC) as an information center for earthquake and tsunami disaster through Rector’s Decree No. 024, 2005.

Later in the same year, Syiah Kuala University established the Mitigation Center (MC) through Rector’s Decree No. 215. Due to the overlapping activities, Syiah Kuala University management merged the two centers into what is now known as the Tsunami and Disaster Mitigation Research Center (TDMRC) through Rector’s Decree No. 418, The establishment of TDMRC was also acknowledged by the International Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Community who  attended the  First Annual International Workshop and Expo on Sumatera Tsunami Disaster and Recovery in a Declaration signed on December 7, 2006.

Since its inception, TDMRC has been being influential in promoting and disseminating researches on disaster risk reduction in Indonesia and around some disaster prone countries in Asia. TDMRC has been appointed by  Government of  Indonesia to  be  a  focal point  for South-South Cooperation and Triangular (SSCT) for Disaster Mitigation Program since 2011. Since 2013, TDMRC has also been asked by Indonesia Disaster Management Agency to provide scientific assessment for Tsunami Management in Indonesia for the period 2015 until 2019.